Background of Afghanistan National Archives

In today’s world, archives enjoy high importance and are considered as one of the most authentic research sources. Different countries establish national, local and regional archives and protect their valuable documents and consider these documents and sources as part of their national, historical heritage and identity.

For the first time documents and sources were collected in Afghanistan during the reign of late Ghazi King Amanullah Khan our progressive and patriotic monarch. Due to lack of proper place, in 1310 solar year, these documents were relocated to Afghanistan National Museum in Darulaman. During the rule of late Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan, for collection, protection and preservation of historical documents and inscriptions, The Kabul Inscription Library was established in 1352 within the organization of public libraries, MoIC in the name of Afghanistan National Archives. In 1356 all its documents and works were transferred to present building of national archives department and Afghanistan national archives was set up as a separate organ within the framework of Deputy MoIC for Cultural Affairs.

During the civil wars and Taliban rule, the national archives was shut down and in late months of Taliban rule, it resumed it activities with a small number of staff.

In 1381, it was officially reopened in a ceremony by ex-president Hamid Karzai. At present, with over 100000 document and inscriptions, its no doubt one of historical treasuries of the country and is at the service of local and foreign researchers with 31 employees.

Mission:

Protection of Afghanistan historical memory and awareness of future generations from the proud historical and cultural past.

Vision:

Creation of a modern archives with standard and speedy services to Afghan people.

Goals:

-          Establishment of link between past and future generations through protection of cultural- historical documentary sources.

-          Enriching of national archives treasuries for support of cultural-historical researches.

-          Delivering standard, speedy services to visitors, researchers.

-          Training of qualified teachers and young professional staff in inscription, historical documents and repairing and protection sections.

Jobs of National Archives:

1-     Collection of all inscriptions and historical documents for enrichment of its treasures.

2-     Arrangement and identification of works for facilitating of researchers access to current sources.

3-     Protection of current works for their transferring to future generations.

4-     Providing information on the works and services to researchers and visitors.

Sections of national archives:

Inscription section: It is one of the most important sections with over 7000 inscriptions and calligraphic works that include fine inscripted Holy Quran and literary pieces which indicate glorious history and culture of this territory. Making catalogues and contents and recognition. Of inscriptions for access of researchers and visitors is among the most important activities of this section. Inscriptions and historical documents have key importance in identification of our nation’s identity and culture and urgent measures should be taken for their protection against possible threats and damages.

2- Historical Documents Section:

As another key branch of the national archives, over 100000 historical documents since Sultan Hussain Bayeqra (869 solar year) reign to present are available in its shelves. Its contents include political treaties, kings and monarches, rulers and presidents decrees, historical letters, Deeds, photos, reviews, ancient and historical magazines, ownership letters and other legal, Islamic documents are protected there.

It is duty is recognition, cataloguing of historical documents for use of researchers.

3- Protection of Repairing section:    

This section is responsible to protect and preserve national archives materials in scientific methods including control of temperature, humidity, light of stores, prevention of damaging factors, anti septicizing of material and archives sources through laboratory and digitizing of works and documents are its main duties.

4-     General Domestic Control Department:

This department is responsible to control security aspects of the national archives that includes monitoring visiting process of visitors, control of internal area of national archives and cooperation with security officials.

5-     Information and Public SServices Department:

This department is responsible to offer awareness on our cultural heritages. The website branch information on documented cultural heritages, exhibition of these documents and works, making them accessible, database and catalogue of national archive for use of domestic and foreign researchers and cooperation with them and other enthusiasts.

Working days and Hours:

Saturday to Wednesday from 8:00 am to 16:00 pm