The Anis Daily

The Anis Daily is the first national publication of Afghanistan.

As an independent daily, The Anis was published in Saur 15, 1306 solar year that was coinciding with May 5th, 1917 with circulation of 45 copies.

Its concession and incharge was Ghulam Muhayuddin “Anis” that was published in Kabul.

First, it was publishing in combination-lock press of Rafiq Company. But, in the middle of its second publication year, it did to own personal press.

The founder of “Anis” writes: Actually, within this time, from the money earned from subscribers during one and half year, the administration owned a complete printing house that has good frame and credit in connection with good printing and good dealing.

The printing house was include of four machines and several handle letters and other printing equipments.

Frist, The Anis periodical was publishing in four pages and bi-weekly. But, after second year, first, this periodical was publishing in 12 pages and was publishing in the same time.

But, after second year, the periodical continued its publication as weekly.

In that time, the slogan of “National, independent and servant of movement periodical” was added under its title.

After second year, the number of “Anis” pages had also reached to 14 and 16 too.

Within first five years of its publication, the size of “Anis” was 11X8 inches and was publishing in two columns.

After passing of its second publication year, the “Anis” periodical faced with an provisional pause, but, this period was passed soon and the “Anis” periodical began its publication again and never faced with stoppage.

In first of its issue, in its editorial, this periodical specified its goal of publication in its editorial as follow: “Anis is the new-born kid that in the world of press, wants to be the friend of leisure time, in working hours colleague, in problematic issues advisor, in the hours of grief and sorrow a “Sorry sorrow” and in the life thought and action of all, especially the strata of government officials as companion and servant:

Founder “Anis” with writing of above-mentioned lines stated to his enthusiasts and the audience of “Anis” that his goal from publishing of “Anis” is serving to the society and wants to insert the articles in it that be useful for its audience everywhere and every time.

“Anis” prepared the ground for the moral and material life of employees through their acknowledgement to their legal duties and useful guidances in economic, education, healthcare and managing home affairs.  

Based on the same, it wrote: In a day that “Anis” was establishing, and comprehend the responsibility of serving the society, although wants to be companion and servant to all people of the society, but because of more reasons, it caused to be only the servant of government employees.

In connection with oneness and strengthening of ties with government employees it wrote: “Important from all is this that its concessioner was government employee, its writer was government employee and its incharge for its life and requirements was also government employee. So, it was necessary its servants also be government employees.

For ever-further clearance of his publication goals that was promoting by him, the founder of “Anis” under the title of profession of Anis cleared it and wrote: “Anis profession” cleared and wrote: “Anis” has one goal and that is scientific, legal, spiritual and literal services to all specially the group of employees.

So, in every issue one or several articles were specified to the life of employee.

In the field of duty:

“Employee and future”, employee and health, “Employee and recreation”, “Employee within commandment and “Employee within duty”.

For those who are not employee not to think “Anis” is specified only for employee and others are not permitted to benefit from its articles, this word is added to what was written: “ Despite this, what was useful for all, would be covered by “Anis”, with mentioning to “All”, from one side, he stated that “Anis” is not a personal publication and is a national one and servant of people and society and on the other, “Anis” understood those who were thinking press is used for personal goals and clearance of private calculations should know that if you want to be the collaborator of “Anis”, its first condition is this that you never reflect your private issues and what you write should be based on public utility, and doesn’t expect that “Anis” be used as a tool against your personal enemies or be used as a tool for increment of the fame of you and your friends.

If you want to praise some one, you should also consider the usefulness of them for people.

If you want to condemn or criticize someone, you should connive from the danger may appear by him in the society.

 These issues were stated as follow: In commendation and critical articles, although he was trying not to meddle in them, in legal emergency states, he only would consider the intention of public understanding.

He didn’t meddle in individual and personal erroneously spelled issues and be would have the right of bringing about changes in those articles are received.

After the collapse of Amani government, Ghulam Mohayyudin was imprisoned in the sin of freedom loving and asking for right and then affected to tuberculosis and died meekly.

In 1317, Anis was died in Dehmazang of Kabul and was buried in cemetery located behind of prison and famed as “Pardisiha cemetery”.

In 1352, “Anis” was contracted into “Islah” and “Islah-Anis” was made.

Anis after “Anis”:

Yet, “Anis” was sick and alive that member of literary association of Kabul “Sarwar Joya” took the responsibility of “Anis” as acting editor.

After death of “Anis”, Joya officially appointed as Editor in-Chief of Anis in 1317 solar year.

After Sarwar “Joya”, the post of Editor in-Chief of Anis was shouldered by Mohammad Amin Khogiani.

Within the tenure of Mohammad Amin Khogiani, Anis changed from daily into weekly. In this phase, majority of its articles were literary and connected with talent and was far from politics.

One of other fiends of “Anis” who was collaborator in very days of establishment of Anis daily was late Abdurrashid Latifi.

Latifi was a man who experienced the period of mission of Mohayuddin “Anis” as Editor in-Chief of Anis daily as well as the periods of Sarwar Joya and Mohammad Amin Khogiani.

Abdurrashied Latifi changed Anis daily from weekly to daily again that was publishing in four pages with larger size. This method was continuing till 1321 solar year.

As a result of World War II, that affected on “Anis” too, its size changed into small one and continued its work with written letters on the same pages.

Late Latifi after 27 years work in Anis daily and other artistic works died in Friday Jauza 21.1344.

After late Latifi, one of another collaborators of “Anis” was Mohammad Osman Sedqi that appointed as Editor in-Chief of Anis daily.

Sedqi brought fundamental changes in Anis daily that one of them was enlarging of its size and publishing of an annual as the gift of Anis.

Till 1326, Sedqi was the incharge of publishing Anis daily and after him, this post was given to Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal.

  One of events occurred within the mission of Maiwandwal as Editorial in-Chief of Anis was establishment of Zhwandoon Magazine that as a cultural magazine regularly was publishing for years beside Anis daily.

The responsibility of Maiwandwal in Anis was continuing till 1328 solar year and at the same year, he was appointed as president of Independent Press Department.

After Maiwandwal, the burden of responsibility of Anis was borne by Mohammad Yunus Hairan and in 1329, this responsibility was surrendered to Mohammad Najim Arya and till 1332 he worked as Editor in-Chief of Anis daily.

In 1332, the responsibility of publishing of Anis daily was surrendered to Mohammad Khalid Roshan and his responsibility in this duty was continuing till 1336 solar year.

After this, Mohammad Qasem Wajed was appointed as Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily and he continued his duty in this post till Saur of 1338.

One of well-known penmen who was cooperating Anis daily within the tenure of Mohammad Qasem Wajed was Mohammad Ibrahim Abasi.

After Sabahuddin Kushkaki, he took the responsibility of Anis daily.

He sustained much troubles as writer and Editor in-Chief of Anis daily.

In 1341, Abdul Hamid Mubarez shouldered the responsibility of Anis daily.

Afterwards, in 1344, Sayed Khalil took this responsibility.

Another man of press, Mohammad Shafie Rahguzar promoted the responsibility from 1344 till 1349.

For second term, Mohammad Ibrahim Abasi appointed as Editor in-Chief of Anis daily and worked in this post from 1353 till 1355.

From 1355 till Saur 1357 Sarshar “Shamali” was responsible for the post.

From 1357 till 1359, Dur Mohammad Wafakish was Editor in-Chief of Anis daily.

 From 1359 till Aqrab 1361 Mohammad Zaman Momand promoted this responsibility.

In Aqrab 1361, Mohammad Safar Khwarikash was appointed as Editor in-Chief of Anis daily and promoted this post till Mizan 1365.

Likewise, Mohammad Ismail Mahshour was responsible for the post from Mizan 1365 till Jauza, 1368.

Jalal Noorani, also promoted the post of Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from 1368 till 1371 and at the same manner Ghulam Rasoul Qarluq was Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from 1371 till 1375.

Ahmad Zia Siamak Heravi was Editor in-Chief of Anis from 1381 till 1383.

Within his tenure, once more Anis daily was changed into daily newspaper.

Associate Prof. Sakhi Muneer served the press of the country as Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from 1383 till 1386.

During his tenure, some changes have been occurred in number of its pages.

Faizullah Muhtaj also worked as Editor in-Chief of Anis from 1386 till 1388 for two years.

Mohammad Qasim Suroush was Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from 1386 till 1390.

During this period, some special pages with different titles were created.

Likewise, Ali Mohammad Sadeqyar was Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from 1390 till 1391 and after this time, the responsibility of the post was shouldered by Hayatullah Bakhshi.

This period continued from Saratan 1391 till jauza-i- 1392.

After  Bakhshi Sayed Fazlullah“Fayez” took the responsibility from Jauza 27.1392 till Saur 9th 1393.

After this i.e Saur 9th 1393 till date, Ahmad Shaker Zarbi is working as Editor in-Chief of Anis daily.

It is worth mentioning that within the working period of Ahmad Shaker Zarbi, the pages of Anis changed into special pages such as: page of political analysis, politics and world, society and politics, culture and politics and page of advertisement.

Because of shortage of budget, from beginning of 1395, the ministry of information and culture reduced the number of pages of Anis daily to four ones.

Acquaintance with Editor in-Chiefs of Anis Daily

1-     Late Ghulam Muhayuddin “Anis: founder and first concessioner and Editor in-Chief of Anis National Daily (1306 till 1317).

2-     Mohammad Hashem Maiwandwal from 1326 till 1328 Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily.

3-     Late Sarwar Joya second Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily.

4-     Late Mohammad Najim Arya from 1329 till 1332 Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily

5-     Mohammad Younus Hairan from 1328 till 1329 was Editor in-Chief Anis daily

6-     Jalal Noorani was editor in-Chief of Anis from 1368 till 1371

7-     Mohammad Ismail Mahshoor was Editor in-Chief of Anis from Mizan 1365 till Jauza, 1368

8-     Late Mohammad Qasem Wajed was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily from 1326 till 1338

9-     Mohammad Khalid Roshan was Editor in-Chief of Anis from 1332 till 1336

10- Sabahuddin Kushkaki was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily for a while

11- Mohammad Ibrahim Abbasi was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily from 1342 till 1344

He worked at this post twice.

12- Abdul Hamid Mubarez was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily in 1341

13-   Mohammad Shafie Rahguzar was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily from 1344 till 1349

14-  Sayed Khalil was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily in 1344

15-  Ahmad Zia Siamak Heravi was Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from 1381 till 1383

16- Ghulam Rasould Qarluq was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily from 1371 till 1375

17-  Faizullah Muhtaj was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily from 1384 till 1388

18-  Associate Prof. Sakhi Muneer was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily from 1383 till 1386

19-  Ali Mohammad Sadeqyar was Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from 1390 till 1391

20-  Mohammad Qasim Suroush was Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from 1388 till 1390

21-  Sayed Fazlulhaq Fayez was Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily from Jauza 27 of 1392 till Saur 10th 1393

22-  Hayatullha Bakhshi was Editor in-Chief of Anis daily from Saratan 1391 till Jauza 27, 1392

23- Ahmad Shaker Zarbi is working as Editor in-Chief of Anis Daily from Saur 9, 1393 till date.