The Heart of The Ancient Islamic City of Bamyan To Be Restored

The UNESCO Kabul Office and the Ministry of Information and Culture, with the support of the Government of Italy, will start a restoration and conversation project at the Islamic city of Gholgholah within the Bamyan World Heritage Site.
The 1.2 million USD granted by the Government of Italy for heritage preservation and development in Afghanistan will be jointly implemented by the UNESCO Kabul Office and different departments of the Ministry of Information and Culture with an operational focus on conversation and preservation of the World Heritage Site of Shar-i-Gholgholah.
The project will also contribute to combatting illicit traffic of antiquities in Afghanistan, the process of preparation of future World Heritage Nominations and coordination and policy development for the culture sector.
Shahr-e-Gholgholah (“City of Screams”) is a fortified urban site dating from the late Sassanian period (6th century of the Common Era) through to the Ghorid period (12th -13th century).
The citadel on this hill site was the heart of the Islamic city of Bamyan following the decline of Buddhism here from the 8th century.
This ancient city is believed to have been destroyed by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, who invaded in 1221 and massacred all its inhabitants, the site’s name is said to date after this massacre.
This project is responding to the call of the Ministry of Information and Culture to preserve Afghanistan’s cultural heritage in danger. UNESCO and the Government of Italy hope through the support granted to assist the Afghan authorities in promoting culture as a key pillar towards the country’s overall social, political, economic and cultural development.